Download 21st Century Psychology: A Reference Handbook (Volume 1) by Stephen F. Davis, William F. Buskist PDF

By Stephen F. Davis, William F. Buskist

Through a hundred entries, twenty first Century Psychology: A Reference instruction manual highlights crucial themes, concerns, questions, and debates any scholar acquiring a level within the box of psychology should have mastered for effectiveness within the twenty first century. This two-volume reference source, to be had either in print and on-line, presents an authoritative resource to serve scholars’ study wishes with extra distinct info than encyclopedia entries yet with out the jargon, element, or density present in a regular magazine article or a examine guide bankruptcy. scholars will locate chapters contained inside of those volumes valuable as aids towards beginning examine for papers, displays, or a senior thesis, aiding in picking out parts for optional coursework or instructions for graduate experiences, or orienting themselves towards capability occupation instructions in psychology.

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Another important precursor of clinical psychology can be found in the 1890s work of James McKeen Cattell (1860–1944) in the field of mental testing. Cattell (1890) coined the term “mental test” and developed numerous tests that assessed sensory, motor, and cognitive functioning. His tests were considered to be measures of intelligence until research at the beginning of the 20th century showed poor correlations between his tests and academic performance. His intelligence tests were supplanted by tests developed by French psychologist Alfred Binet (1857–1911).

Sternberg is president of the Eastern Psychological Association and president-elect of the International Association for Cognitive Education and Psychology. He is a member of the Board of Directors of the American Psychological Foundation and of the American Association of Colleges and Universities. Sternberg’s PhD is from Stanford, and he holds eight honorary doctorates. Richard Stevenson is an associate professor of psychology at Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia. His PhD work at the University of Sussex was on food preferences, which led to postdoctoral work on food flavor at the CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Australia) and then at the University of Sydney.

Phrenology and Physiognomy Two of the popular psychologies of the 19th century were based on the physical features of a person’s head and on the belief that differences in facial features or the shape of the head determined a person’s intelligence, personality, integrity, and so forth. Phrenology was the invention of Franz Josef Gall (1758–1828), a German anatomist who believed that different brain regions, responsible for different behavioral and intellectual functions, would grow at different rates, producing bumps and indentations on the skull.

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