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By Eugene H Kaplan

Portrays the ecology and formation of coral reefs and describes a few of the animals that inhabit the reefs of southern Florida and the Caribbean

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Additional info for A field guide to coral reefs of the Caribbean and Florida : a guide to the common invertebrates and fishes of Bermuda, the Bahamas, southern Florida, the West Indies, and the Caribbean coast of Central and South America

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The data were statistically analyzed with two-way ANOVA and Duncan’s tests. ) by manipulation of conchocelis filaments to obtain mature conchosporangia (Sidirelli-Wolff, 1992), or from vegetative spores (archeospores, obtained from all species) after foliose thalli were frozen at –20◦ C for 24 h and thawed in seawater. In the latter case spore release was considered terminated after 24–48 h. The spores obtained using either of the two sources were grown in 250 ml glass beakers (n = 20−30) filled with enriched (PEM-II; Provasoli, 1968) seawater medium at 15 ◦ C, 70 µmol photon m−2 s−1 and 10 h photoperiod in a growth chamber.

Similarly, of the business models possible for seaweed farming ventures, one has emerged a clear winner. g. church) or tribe/clan groups farming cooperatively, (2) company farms, or “contract farming” (COFA), owned by buyers and operated by labour hired on a daily wage basis, and (3) individual or household (nuclear family) operated farms. Compared with the first two, the third (household farms) has been by far the most successful and dominates the industries in all three countries that have industries.

P. Silva (sacol) was introduced to Fiji during its second phase of industry development because the thalli are thinner and dry faster (in as little as 24 h). In 2002 some of this Fiji sacol material was taken to Solomon Islands and tested there. The sacol variety is more popular with buyers because of its lower moisture content and less probability of spoilage from rain while drying. The tambalang variety is much preferred by farmers, however, because plants are thicker and heavier, thus yielding more weight of seaweed per line (a unit of effort) than sacol.

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