By Tony Judt
“I am enthusiastically ecu; no expert individual may possibly heavily desire to go back to the embattled, collectively adversarial circle of suspicious and introverted international locations that was once the eu continent within the fairly contemporary earlier. however it is something to imagine an final result fascinating, fairly one other to consider it really is attainable. it's my competition actually united Europe is adequately not going for it to be unwise and self-defeating to insist upon it. i'm hence, i assume, a Euro-pessimist.” —Tony Judt
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Extra resources for A Grand Illusion?: An Essay on Europe
His only mistake lay in supposing that this nostalgia was new.  2 EASTERN APPROACHES How MANY Europes are there? The question sounds odd, and one answer may seem intuitively obvious. There is only one Europe, just as there is but one Asia, one Africa, and so forth. Like the other continents, Europe has a north and a south, an east and a west, and appropriate subdivisions within these. True, the eastern boundaries of the European continent are fuzzy, shading into western Asia across a broad and topographically indefinite terrain; but elsewhere its limits are clear enough.
Hitler's lasting gift to Europe was thus the degree to which he and his collaborators made it impossible henceforth to dwell with comfort upon the past. The contrast with sentiment after the First World War is striking here: after 1918 the mood of exhaustion was accompanied by a widespread desire to recapture, somehow, the certainties and the security of the prewar years. No such nostalgia could be found in Europe following the end of the Second World War. The second element in the postwar situation that facilitated the construction of ''Europe" was the Cold War.
Control, taking orders and reporting for duty, Europe was reassured but at a cost of irresponsibility. "] Michel Jobert, in Le Monde, August 10, 1991.  TONY JUDT mistakes of 1919 were miraculously avoided—even though after 1945 there were altogether more convincing grounds than after the war of 1914-18 for treating Germany as a pariah state, guilty of crimes of war that the poor Kaiser had never imagined. 8 If the war and the Cold War facilitated the postwar political strategies of European statesmen, it was the disastrous recent economic history of the continent that gave a special quality to the ensuing boom.