By World Bank
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Extracts of the evaluations are included in annex 5. The conclusions of the study are drawn largely from the considerable body of information collectedthat information has been published to make it available to those who may wish to review the background material in depth. " More than a hundred people from all regions have actively participated in the fact-finding phase (see annexes 4 and 6). The SIFR has also benefited from the experience and views of hundreds of others who met with the field missions and who contributed to the study by correspondence fisheries researchers, university scientists, fishery administrators and senior officers in charge of national research administrations, industrialists, and representatives of the small-scale sector and of regional and international fishery and economic bodies, in both developing and developed countries.
Some form of property rights should be as-signed to fishing grounds to encourage better allocation of resources and a more holistic approach to stock management, one that takes account of traditional and local as well as national needs and of the need for foreign currency. Research should place more importance on the social and economic factors governing the behavior and strategies of resource users. An under- Page 3 standing of these factors and their effects is necessary to ensure that outside interventions and support programs are suitable for the local context and have a high chance of success.
Although there may be potential gains in a few other areas, the number of developing states that have acquired significant wealth through the extension of jurisdiction is small. For the states that have benefited, there are important opportunities for increasing their gains from the resources, either by extracting revenues or other benefits from foreign fishermen or by replacing foreign fleets. Examples of the first approach include Morocco, whose recent agreement with the European Economic Community (EEC) is producing revenues of about US$80 million a year, and the South Pacific island states, which, with the help of the South Pacific Forum Fisheries Agency, have negotiated an agreement with the United States.