By Marie-Aimée Cliche, W. Donald Wilson
At one time, using corporal punishment by way of mom and dad in child-rearing used to be thought of basic, yet within the moment half the 19th century this start to switch, in Quebec in addition to the remainder of the Western global. It was once in this interval that the level of ill-treatment inflicted on children—treatment as soon as excused pretty much as good child-rearing practice—was discovered.
This publication analyzes either the recommendation supplied to folks and different varieties of baby abuse inside of households. Cliche derives her info from relations magazines, studies and suggestion columns in newspapers, people's lifestyles tales, the documents of the Montreal Juvenile courtroom, or even comedian strips. dates are given specific concentration: 1920, with the trial of the oldsters of Aurore Gagnon, which sensitized the general public to the phenomenon of "child martyrs;" and 1940, with the arrival of the recent schooling stream, which used to be in response to psychology instead of strict self-discipline and non secular doctrine.
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Additional info for Abuse or Punishment?. Violence toward Children in Quebec Families, 1850-1969
BOTTOM L Mr Bogeyman looks for liars to cut off their tongues. BOTTOM R Mrs Bogeyman shuts disobedient little girls in with the rats. This engraving dates from around 1840. In Quebec, starting in the nineteenth century, child-rearing authorities forbade frightening children with such stories. Source: Denis Martin and Bernard Huin, Images d’Épinal, © Musée du Québec and Éditions de la Réunion des Musées Nationaux, 1995, with the kind permission of the Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec and with the collaboration of the Musée départemental d’art ancien et contemporain and the Musée de l’image d’Épinal.
2 This meant that the former had to be cultivated and the latter combatted. The theories of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, with his belief in the innate goodness of the human being, were known and frequently cited, but always rejected. 4 In each case, the involvement of the parents was primordial. Indeed it was to this end that God had delegated part of His authority to them. Table 5 Authorship of Articles and Replies to Letters on the Subject of Corporal Punishment in Quebec Family Magazines, 1873–1969 ARTICLES AND LETTERS AUTHORS Priests 32 23 Laymen 15 12 Laywomen 48 29 Nuns 1 1 Couples 48 10 (5 couples) Anonymous 18 18 Collective 1 3 (1 priest and 2 laymen) Total 163 96 individuals The primary duty of parents was to set their children a good example.
And is there any difficulty in enforcing obedience to any definite command? Take the case of the child playing with the Bible. ” The child hesitates for a moment, but yielding to the strong temptation, is soon playing with the forbidden book. The mother immediately rises, takes the child, and carries her into her chamber. She sits down and says calmly, “Mary, I said that you must not touch the Bible, and you have disobeyed me. ” Mary begins to cry, and to promise not to do so again. ” Mary continues to cry, but the mother seriously and calmly punishes her.