By Khaled Fahmy
Whereas scholarship has characteristically considered Mehmed Ali Pasha because the founding father of sleek Egypt, Khaled Fahmy deals a brand new interpretation of his function within the upward push of Egyptian nationalism, firmly finding him in the Ottoman context as an formidable, if troublesome, Ottoman reformer. Basing his paintings on formerly overlooked archival fabric, the writer demonstrates how Mehmed Ali sought to boost the Egyptian economic climate and to accumulate the military, now not as a method of gaining Egyptian independence from the Ottoman empire, yet to extra his personal goals for well-known hereditary rule over the province. by way of concentrating on the military and the soldier’s day-by-day reviews, the writer constructs an in depth photo of makes an attempt at modernization and reform, how they have been deliberate and carried out by way of a number of reformers, and the way the general public at huge understood and accommodated them. during this approach, the paintings contributes to the bigger methodological and theoretical debates bearing on nation-building and the development of country energy within the specific context of early nineteenth-century Egypt.
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Extra info for All the Pasha's Men: Mehmed Ali His Army and the Making of Modern Egypt
Once the "fellahin" came to appreciate the benefits of military life and that serving in the army was the most truthful way of defending the lands they loved so much, they ceased to resist it and ultimately even became proud of M. A. Rifa't, The Awakening of Modem Egypt (London: Longman, 1947), p. 38. Jamil 'Ubaid, Qissat Ihtilal Muhammad fAlt lil-Yundn [The Story of Mehmed Ali's Occupation of Greece] (Cairo: General Egyptian Book Organization, 1990), pp. 79-80; Ahmad 'Izzat 'Abdel-Karim, Tdrikh al-Ta'ltm ft 'Asr Muhammad 'AH [History of Education in the Reign of Mehmed Ali] (Cairo: Matba'at al-Nahda al-Misriyya, 1938), pp.
The reason why Palmerston was so adamantly opposed to Mehmed Ali, Marsot believes, was the Pasha's economic policies which Palmerston viewed with suspicion since British 49 50 51 52 53 54 Amira el-Azhary Sonbol, The Creation of a Medical Profession in Egypt, 1800-1922 (New York: Syracuse University Press, 1991). Sabry, L'Empire egyptien, p. 580. Abul-Futuh Radwan, Tarikh Matba'at Bulaq [History of the Bulaq Press] (Cairo: Bulaq, 1953), pp. 342-43. 'Abdel-Karim, Tarikh al-Ta'lim, pp. 655-64. Afaf Lutfi al-Sayyid Marsot, Egypt in the Reign of Muhammad Ali (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984).
P. 264. 24 Introduction the Turks . . Together these two men and their associates were to carve out an empire for themselves out of Ottoman territories . . "62 Nevertheless, the same characteristic problem of nationalist discourse remains: Marsot assumes the pre-existence of national sentiments, arguing that they simply needed a great reformer to rekindle them, even if that figure was of a different ethnic, linguistic and cultural background from his subjects and even if he was not explicitly fighting for their sake and, moreover, despite their ostensible opposition to him.