By Zoltan L. Hajnal
Even though there's a common trust that asymmetric voter turnout results in biased results in American democracy, current empirical assessments have chanced on few results. by way of supplying a scientific account of the way and the place turnout concerns in neighborhood politics, this e-book demanding situations a lot of what we all know approximately turnout in the USA this present day. It demonstrates that low and asymmetric turnout, an element at play in such a lot American towns, results in sub-optimal results for racial and ethnic minorities. Low turnout leads to losses in mayoral elections, much less equitable racial and ethnic illustration on urban councils, and skewed spending guidelines. the significance of turnout confirms lengthy held suspicions concerning the under-representation of minorities and increases normative matters approximately neighborhood democracy. thankfully, this publication deals an answer. research of neighborhood participation exhibits small switch to neighborhood election timing - a reform that's cost-efficient and comparatively effortless to enact- may possibly dramatically extend neighborhood voter turnout.
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Even supposing there's a common trust that asymmetric voter turnout ends up in biased results in American democracy, present empirical assessments have discovered few results. via delivering a scientific account of ways and the place turnout issues in neighborhood politics, this e-book demanding situations a lot of what we all know approximately turnout in the US this day.
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Additional info for America's Uneven Democracy: Race, Turnout, and Representation in City Politics
1994, Jones-Correa 2001, Kim 2000). Clearly we need better data to answer this question. With that need in mind, I collected data on racial voting patterns across a range of mayoral elections. Specifically, I attempted to collect the vote by race for all primary and general elections in the nation’s twenty largest cities for the 1990s and early 2000s. This process has led to a data set of forty-six elections that represent a range of cities and electoral contexts. The data are far from perfect.
Data on racial voting patterns were not available for about half of the elections in these cities over this time 13 14 15 We might also be interested in preferences on local policy questions. Surveys on local policy preference are more readily available and they do reveal fairly clear racial divisions in terms of public opinion. As we will detail in Chapter 5, these surveys generally suggest that there are reasonably strong differences of opinion between racial and ethnic minorities on one hand and whites on the other (Clark and Ferguson 1983, Deleon 1991, Lovrich 1974, Welch et al.
This grows to an alarming 52 point gap in elections with only two candidates – about half the 16 17 To try to address this issue, we reran the analysis with a smaller but complete set of elections – namely, the most recent contest in the ten largest cities. The patterns evident in this smaller data set are nearly identical to the patterns we see across the larger set of elections. For most cities, we rely on exit polls but in other cases we employ ecological inference using precinct data. In other cases, we rely on homogenous precinct analysis.